A Guide to Dandruff : Causes, treatments and Prevention

Published May 12, 2013 by teacher dahl


Little White Flakes

You see the light yellow or white flakes on your shoulders or in your hair. Those are the telltale signs of dandruff. Dandruff flakes are actually dead skin cells that fall off your scalp. When you have dandruff, your scalp may look scaly or red and feel itchy or raw. Scratching or rubbing your head loosens the flakes. You may notice them more when you wear dark tops.

Is Your Hair Care to Blame?

Dandruff doesn’t mean you have dirty hair, but the way you style your hair or the products you use might cause a flaky scalp. Some hair coloring and styling products can leave a flaky, dry residue or trigger a skin reaction that looks like dandruff. If you already have dandruff, not washing your hair enough can make your dandruff look worse because dead skin cells build up. You may want to try different hair products to see if they help your dandruff clear up.

Wash Away Dandruff


Special shampoos from the drugstore can treat dandruff. Common ingredients include:

  • Ketoconazole fights dandruff-causing fungus.
  • Salicylic acid gets rid of flaky skin but can be drying.
  • Selenium sulfide slows the buildup of dead skin cells and fights fungi.
  • Tar slows dead skin cell buildup, but may discolor blonde, gray, or color-treated hair.
  • Zinc pyrithione attacks the fungi that may cause dandruff.

    Natural Dandruff Remedies:

3 comments on “A Guide to Dandruff : Causes, treatments and Prevention

  • I have always had dandruff. I find that the shampoos typically work at least for me. I can miss more than one day though or it comes back. Especially like your article says when it gets colder out. Thanks for the great info


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