Chickenpox in Adults and Teenagers

Published October 18, 2016 by teacher dahl



Chickenpox causes spots (a rash) and can make you feel unwell. Symptoms tend to be worse in adults than in children. Treatments can ease the symptoms until the illness goes. An antiviral drug may limit the severity of the illness if the drug is started within 24 hours of the rash first starting. Full recovery is usual. Serious complications are rare, but are more common in adults than in children. They are more likely to occur in pregnant women and in people with a poor immune system, such as those on chemotherapy. If you are pregnant and have not had chickenpox (or been immunised) and come into contact with a person with chickenpox – see your doctor urgently, as treatment may prevent chickenpox from developing.

What is chickenpox?


chickenpox blisters

Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. The immune system makes proteins called antibodies during the infection. These fight the virus and then provide lifelong protection against it (immunity). Therefore, it is uncommon to have more than one bout of chickenpox in a lifetime.

Most people have chickenpox as a child. Most children get chickenpox before the age of 10. About 9 in 10 people have had it by the age of 15. It is uncommon for adults to have chickenpox.

What are the symptoms of chickenpox?

Symptoms are usually more severe in adults than in children. Expect to have a few uncomfortable days.

  • High temperature (fever), aches and headache often start a day or so before a rash appears.
  • Spots (a rash). Spots appear in crops. The spots develop into small blisters and are itchy. They can be anywhere on the body and sometimes also in the mouth. Several crops may develop over several days. Some people are covered in spots; others have only a few.
  • Loss of appetite, tiredness and feeling sick are common.
  • The fever and generally feeling unwell can last several days. The blisters gradually dry up and scab. They slowly fade over a week or so, but may take 2-3 weeks to go completely.

What is the treatment for chickenpox? 

Treatments that may ease symptoms whilst your immune system deals with the virus include the following:

  • Having plenty to drink to avoid a lack of fluid in the body (dehydration).
  • Taking paracetamol or ibuprofen to ease high temperature (fever), headaches, and aches and pains; note ibuprofen only for those over 12 years old.
  • Soothing creams (emollients) put on the spots (rash) may ease itching. Calamine lotion is the most used, although it is not known how effective it is.
  • Antihistamine tablets taken at bedtime may help you to sleep if itch is a problem at night. You can buy these at pharmacies, or get them on prescription.


Mercury Poisoning Linked to Skin Products

Published October 6, 2016 by teacher dahl


Whatever your complexion, it’s important to use products that will help your skin and not damage it. But as you wade through the beauty aisles, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration cautions that you should avoid skin creams, beauty and antiseptic soaps, and lotions that contain mercury.

How will you know if mercury’s in the cosmetic, especially one that’s marketed as “anti-aging” or “skin lightening”? Check the label. If the words “mercurous chloride,” “calomel,” “mercuric,” “mercurio,” or “mercury” are listed on the label, mercury’s in it—and you should stop using the product immediately.

The products are usually marketed as skin lighteners and anti-aging treatments that remove age spots, freckles, blemishes, and wrinkles. Adolescents may use these products as acne treatments.

Jason Humbert of FDA’s Office of Regulatory Affairs says these products usually are manufactured abroad and sold illegally in the United States, often in shops catering to the Latino, Asian, African, or Middle Eastern communities. They are promoted online on social media sites and sold through mobile apps. Consumers may also have bought them in another country and brought them back to the U.S. for personal use, he adds.

If the ingredients aren’t listed and there is no product label, don’t assume it’s fine. Federal law requires that ingredients be listed on the label of any cosmetic or nonprescription drug, so do not use a product that doesn’t have a label. In addition, don’t use drugs or cosmetics labeled in languages other than English unless English labeling is also provided. That’s also a sign that the product may be marketed illegally.
“Even though these products are often promoted as cosmetics, they also may be unapproved new drugs under the law,” says Linda Katz, M.D., director of FDA’s Office of Cosmetics and Colors. FDA does not allow mercury in drugs or in cosmetics, except under very specific conditions where there are no other safe and effective preservatives available – conditions that these products do not meet.

Sellers and distributors who market mercury-containing skin whitening or lightening creams in the U.S. may be subject to enforcement action, including seizure of products, injunctions, and, in some situations, criminal prosecution.

Dangers of Mercury
Exposure to mercury can have serious health consequences. The danger isn’t just to people who use mercury-containing products but also to their families, says Arthur Simone, M.D., a senior medical advisor at FDA.
“Your family might breathe mercury vapors released from these products. Your children might touch washcloths or towels that are contaminated with mercury. It could be as simple as touching someone’s cheek or face,” Simone says.
Some people – including pregnant women, nursing babies and young children – are especially vulnerable to mercury toxicity, he adds. Babies may be particularly sensitive to the harm mercury can cause to their developing brains and nervous systems. Newborns who nurse are vulnerable because mercury is passed into breast milk.

Signs and Symptoms of Mercury Poisoning
• irritability
• shyness
• tremors
• changes in vision or hearing
• memory problems
• depression
• numbness and tingling in hands, feet or around mouth

Tracking Skin Products Containing Mercury
In the past few years, FDA and state health officials have discovered numerous products that contain mercury, and there have been cases in which people exposed to such products have had mercury poisoning or elevated levels of mercury in their bodies. FDA has an import alert in place that lets our field staff know that the agency has enough evidence or other information to refuse admission of shipments of mercury-containing skin products.
But this is only a partial solution, Humbert says.

“Many of these products are coming into the country through illegal channels,” he says. “That’s why it’s so important for consumers and sellers to know about the dangers of possible mercury poisoning associated with the use of these skin products.”

How to Protect Yourself

  • Thoroughly wash your hands and other parts of your body that have come in contact with products that contain mercury.
  • Contact your health care professional or a medical care clinic for advice. If you have questions, call your health care professional or the Poison Center at 1-800-222-1222; it is open 24 hours a day.
  • Before throwing out a product that may contain mercury, seal it in a plastic bag or leak-proof container. Check with your local environmental, health, or solid waste agency for disposal instructions. Some communities have special collections or other options for disposing of hazardous household waste.


Chocolate Peanut Butter Cheesecake

Published September 13, 2016 by teacher dahl


Ingredients  :

  • Crust
    6 Tablespoons butter, melted
    1½ cups graham cracker crumbs
    1 Tablespoon sugar
  • Cheesecake
    24 oz cream cheese – room temperature
    1 cup sugar
    Pinch of salt
    1 tsp vanilla
    3 eggs
    ½ cup sour cream
    ½ cup peanut butter
  • Gananche
    2 cups heavy cream
    12 ounces semi sweet chocolate, use bars not chips
    Combine all ingredients and press into a 9 inch springform pan.
    Bake 8 minutes at 350. Cool.
  • Cheesecake
    Beat cream cheese and the sugar until smooth.
    Add salt, vanilla, eggs and sour cream.
    Add peanut butter.
    Pour into the pan and bake at 350 for 45 minutes.
    Let cool and chill overnight or 6 hours.
    My cheesecake had a HUGE crack-or 3-but no worries, the chocolate covers it and makes it look amazing when cut into!!!
  • Ganache
    Heat the cream in the microwave just until it bubbles.
    Have the chocolate broken up in a bowl and pour the cream over it.
    Let sit 2 minutes and then whisk smooth.
    Pour ganache over the cooled cheesecake and chill an additional 1-2 hours.

Seafoods Galore: Let’s Indulge

Published August 29, 2016 by teacher dahl


Top 10 Health Benefits of Eating Seafood

From saltwater and freshwater fish to deep water shellfish, seafood is a beloved delicacy. Seafood is nutrient-rich, serves as a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and in the reduction of common diseases. So as you embark on yet another crawfish boil or fish fry, know that the seafood you’re consuming will yield many benefits!

Here are  top 10 health benefits of eating seafood.

variety with coco milk

Provides essential nutrients – Though the specifics depend upon which type seafood you consume, seafood is known for being a natural source of vitamins and minerals. B-complex vitamins, vitamin D and vitamin B. B-complex vitamins (vitamins such as B1, B3, biotin, B12, etc.) perform many different functions, influencing energy production, metabolism, concentration, and even beauty! Some types of fish, such as salmon, are rich in vitamin A, which helps protect vision and boost the immune and reproductive system’s capabilities. Another vitamin found in some seafood – often the fatty skin of salmon, tuna and others – is vitamin D, which promotes healthy bone growth, calcium absorption, and boosts immune system efficiency as well as cell growth.


fried rice

Promotes heart health – While seafood is nutritious enough to be low in saturated fats and high in protein, its greatest health benefit lies in its abundant source of omega-3 fatty acids. While several studies have been conducted on the benefits of the omega-3 fatty acids, they are most notably known for their benefits in heart health. In fact, they can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular events from occurring, such as arrhythmias, strokes, and heart attacks. Though many prefer to acquire their omega-3 fatty acids with capsules, scientists prefer the actual consumption of actual seafood.

with veggies

Good for your joints – Eating seafood on a regular basis has been proven to ease the symptoms of arthritis. Research has shown that omega-3 fatty acids can ease tender joints and reduce morning stiffness in subjects with rheumatoid arthritis.

shrimp with red sauce

Maintains eyesight – A 2014 study published in the Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science Journal suggests that those who consume omega-3 fatty acids found in seafood are less likely to suffer from age-related macular degeneration, a disease that can result in the loss of vision. Fish and shellfish can also boost your night vision. Eating oil-rich fish regularly can help to keep the eyes bright and healthy.


Good skin – Eating seafood helps preserve moisture in the skin. Your skin’s natural glow is affected more from what you eat than what you apply directly to it. The omega-3 fatty acids in seafood protect the skin against UV rays from the sun and recent research has found limited findings suggesting fish oil can help reduce the prevalence of acne.


grilled mollusk
Boosts brainpower – Seafood omega-3s may lower the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. A sufficient intake of DHA and EPA found in omega-3 fatty acids promote proper brain growth in infants and children. ( needs research) and recent research speculates long-term consumption of omega-3 fatty acids can boost cognitive function in aging women.

Fights against depression – Recent research has shown an association between the consumption of omega-3 fatty acids and risk of depression ad has found that consuming omega-3 fatty acids can not only decrease the risk of depression but has the potential to treat depression as well. Consuming more seafood can help you have a better, more positive outlook on life.

Pregnancy benefits – Studies indicate that eating more fish has positive benefits on birth weight because it enhances fetal growth and development. Seafood consumption also aid in reducing preterm delivery and is essential for central nervous system development. Furthermore,

Improves immune function – Increased omega-3 consumption can reduce the symptoms of asthma and certain allergies. Selenium is a potent antioxidant found in seafood that is known to improve the immune system.

sopa de hipon

Many choices – Who doesn’t like having options, right? There are a great variation of seafood to choose from, and while one of the greatest deterrents to seafood is “that sea taste” there are many different healthy ways to prepare your meal to help get rid of that fishy feeling.

Source : Health Fitness revolution

Skin Breakouts maybe caused by Tap water

Published August 12, 2016 by teacher dahl

tap water


If you can’t pinpoint where your sudden breakouts are coming from, you might be overlooking one major factor: your tap water. Yep, it’s true. “When you wash your face with tap water, it’s harsh on your skin,” says Dr Ellen Marmur, a dermatologist in New York City. She explains that it can cause acne by drying out the skin and, in turn, increasing inflammation.

Whether or not you have issues scrubbing up in the sink ultimately depends on the type of H2O you have access to and your skin’s sensitivity. If you have eczema or rosacea, for example, you might find tap water more irritating than someone without any major issues, says Dr Joshua Zeichner, a New York City dermatologist.

And, if your sink gushes hard water, that could be what’s behind all those pimples. “Hard water contains high levels of calcium and magnesium, among other minerals, that can disrupt the skin barrier,” says Zeichner. “When the outer layer [of your skin] is compromised, the skin becomes inflamed and can’t protect itself as it should.” Soft water, on the other hand, has gone through a filtration process, removing those harsh minerals, says Zeichner. (Limescale—a white, crusty substance that grows on faucets, tubs, and sinks—is a big indicator that you’ve got hard water, according to EPA Water Consultants.)

So how do you prevent tap water from wrecking your complexion? Follow these steps:


Use a Gentle Cleanser

How you wash your face makes a big difference, says Marmur. Since you know that tap water can parch your skin, use a gentle cleanser when you rinse. They’re formulated to have a pH balance that’s compatible with your skin, says Marmur. She suggests opting for a non-foaming cleanser.


Get a Filter

This will weed out bad particles in your tap water, leaving you with purified soft water for clearer skin.

Consider an Acne Treatment

If you’re acne is really bad, you might want to add a prescription product like Aczone to your skin-care routine, says Zeichner. OTC products containing benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid also help to open up clogged pores and bust excess oil.

Don’t Skimp on Moisturizer

Look for one with calming ingredients like hyaluronic acid, which draws moisture into your skin and is long-lasting, says Marmur.

Source: Women’s

Protecting Your Vision: Facts and Fiction

Published August 4, 2016 by teacher dahl


Whether you’re nearsighted, farsighted, or have 20/20 vision, it’s important to take good care of your eyes.
May is Healthy Vision month, and a good time to examine the facts—and fiction—surrounding healthy vision. Take a look at the following statements about eye safety and ask yourself: Fact or fiction?

1.It’s legal to market decorative contact lenses as over-the-counter products—and they’re safe to wear, even if an eye doctor hasn’t examined them on you first.

Fiction. Decorative contact lenses are medical devices regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Places that advertise them as cosmetics or sell them without a prescription are breaking the law. Moreover, an eye doctor (ophthalmologist or optometrist) must examine each eye to properly fit the lenses and evaluate how your eye responds to contact lens wear. A poor fit can cause serious eye damage.

2. Laser pointers and toys containing lasers can cause permanent eye damage.
Fact. According to Dan Hewett, health promotion officer at FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health, “A beam shone directly into a person’s eye can injure it in an instant, especially if the laser is a powerful one.” In fact, when operated unsafely, or without certain controls, the highly-concentrated light from lasers—even those in toys—can be dangerous, causing serious eye injuries and even blindness. And not just to the person using a laser, but to anyone within range of the laser beam.

3.Eating lots of carrots is good for your vision.
Fact. Carrots are a good food for healthy eyesight because they contain carotenoids, which are precursors of vitamin A, a nutrient important to your eyes. However, a well-balanced diet can contain lots of foods that offer similar benefits, such as other darkly colored fruits and vegetables like peas and broccoli. Eating a well-balanced diet also helps you maintain a healthy weight, which makes you less likely to develop obesity-related diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, the leading cause of blindness in adults.
4.Sitting too close to movie, television, and computer screens will damage your eyes.
Fiction. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), watching televisions, including flat screens, can’t cause your eyes any physical harm. The same is true for using the computer too much or watching 3-D movies. AAO says your eyes may feel more tired if you sit too close to the TV or spend a lot of time working at the computer, but you can fix that by giving your eyes a rest.
5.It’s okay to use an over-the-counter eye reliever every day.
Fiction. According to FDA‘s Wiley Chambers, M.D., doctors don’t recommend long term use of redness-alleviating drops. Although initially they help to constrict the blood vessels in the eyes (getting the so-called “red” out), continued use leads to a rebound effect. After continued use, the drops can become the reason that your eyes are red. It is best to use them just for a day or two, Chambers says.
6.Smoking increases your risk of developing macular degeneration.
Fact. Smoking is a major risk factor for developing macular degeneration, a disease that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. Other risk factors include genetics, diet, exposure to bright sunlight, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension (high blood pressure).


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