Five (5) Scientifically Proven Ways to be Happier at Work

Published March 21, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

happy

To be happier at work, you have to become intentional about it. Like working out or eating healthy, being happier is something you have to choose to work on. It’s a skill that takes practice. A growing body of research reveals that there are simple, concrete things you can do to help you feel more positive at work—and they don’t require huge changes.

1. Start the day on a good note

How you feel in the morning affects how you feel at work for the rest of the day. In one University of Pennsylvania study, researchers analyzed the moods and performance of customer service representatives. Those who were in a good mood in the morning were more productive during the day and reported having more positive interactions with customers.

baby

So make it a point to do something in the morning that makes you feel good. Take a few minutes to savor your morning coffee (or tea or hot chocolate or whatever you like to drink before the workday starts). This means actually pausing to enjoy it, not gulping it down as you rush to your desk. And get some fresh air. Research shows that spending just 20 minutes outside boosts happiness and feelings of well-being.

2. Make fewer decisions


Decision fatigue is real. Each choice you make depletes your cognitive resources, making future decisions more difficult. This can quickly exhaust you and make you feel run down. So put some parts of your day on autopilot. Eat the same thing for lunch or breakfast for a week, and then change it up, for example. (Steve Jobs famously said that he wore the same black turtleneck daily so that he wouldn’t spend energy deciding what to wear.)

Before you weigh in on something at work, ask yourself if 1) it’s high impact and 2) you have a strong opinion about it. If you say “no” to both, then this might be a great opportunity to not weigh in on a decision.

3. Help a colleague

University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers found that people in their mid-30s who had earlier rated helping others at work as important reported feeling happier when asked—three decades later.

help

Helping your co-workers seems to create a virtuous cycle; according to another study, happier workers help their colleagues 33 percent more than those who aren’t happy.

 You don’t have to do anything huge or heroic. Grab your colleague’s favorite beverage when you get your coffee. Ask if they need help on a project. Offer to do something simple, like type up notes after a meeting. The tougher part is making this a regular part of your day instead of something you do only once in a while. One simple way to do this is to put a reminder on your calendar. It may sound cheesy, but you might be surprised at how effective this small habit can become.

4. Make progress and acknowledge it

One of the best books I’ve read about being happier at work is called The Progress Principle: Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work, by Teresa Amabile and Steven Kramer. One of the most powerful causes of positive employee morale and happiness at work, the authors found, was feeling like you’re moving forward and making meaningful progress.

Try this:

  •  Before you start your workday, write down three small things you will get done.
  •  Do them, preferably before you even open your email or take a phone call.
  •  Cross them off your list.
  •  At the end of the day, go back, look at your list, and acknowledge that you made progress.
  •  If you have a huge project ahead of you, it’s hard to feel like you’re making progress unless you break it up into smaller parts.
  •  On some days, those parts may have to be tiny.

5. End your workday with a simple gratitude pause

Our brains are better at remembering bad news than good news. One study found that the negative impact of setbacks at work was three times as powerful as the positive impact of making progress. But you can train your brain to fight your natural negativity bias (and better remember the positive things). Think of something you appreciate about your day and write it down. Many studies have shown that when people do this regularly, they report feeling more optimistic and better about their lives overall.

written

Since you’re likely busy, create a simple gratitude ritual at the end of your day. To make this a habit, connect it to something you already do. If you share something positive about your day with someone else, even better. Research shows that discussing positive experiences with others enhances how good you feel about them.

Source: Reader’s Digest

What Young Men Should Know about Shaving : Shaving Tips for Teen Guys

Published March 16, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

young man

Guys, now that you’re hitting puberty, you might notice your facial hair starting to come in. You’ll also start seeing hair grow in places that you’ve never seen hair before — under your armpits, around your groin, on your belly, and on your chest (maybe even on your back). All the extra hair is the result of hormones called androgens, which kick in at puberty.

Unless you’re the “mountain man” type, it’s probably time to consider shaving your face. In our society, shaving with a razor is the most common way of removing facial hair. Here are some shaving tips just for teen guys:

first shave

Shaving Tip 1: When to Start Shaving
First, talk to some men in your family — perhaps your father, or an older brother who has already started shaving — and ask them if you are ready. You should start shaving when you decide that you have enough hair growth on your face to actually shave off. You’ll notice darker hairs forming on your chin and around your upper lip.

Shaving Tip 2: What Type of Razor to Use
You need to find a razor that is safe and that works well for you. Get your dad, mom, or older sibling to take you to a drugstore or discount store. You’ll find two popular types of razors: electric and manual. An electric razor usually has a cord attached, although many come in a rechargeable, cordless design. A disposable razor usually has several blades stacked one on top of the other, which can provide you with a very clean shave. Here are some details about each type:

  • Electric razors. Electric razors are convenient. But many models do not shave as close as the disposable razors. If you select an electric razor, choose one that has flexible heads to conform to the contours of your face. Some electric razors dispense lubricants that help soften and protect your skin. But be aware that an electric razor can still irritate your skin. Take time to find one that’s right for you.

    razor blade

  • Disposable razors. If you choose a disposable razor, you will need some type of shaving cream or gel to apply to your face before shaving. These creams and gels lubricate your face and help reduce the risk of nicking or cutting your skin. There are many creams and gels to choose from. Some include moisturizers and vitamins to help keep your face from drying out. Experiment with several creams and gels to find the one that’s right for your face.

Shaving Tip 3: Prevent Cuts
Truth is, you’ll probably cut your face a few times when you first start shaving; every guy cuts his face at some time. But here are some safety tips on shaving with a disposable or safety razor:

  • The best time to shave is after taking a warm bath or shower to make your skin hydrated and soft.
    At the bathroom sink, splash warm water on your face to stimulate your skin before applying shaving cream or gel. This will make it easier for the razor to make contact because the hairs will stick out some.
  • Lather up! Apply shaving cream or gel (without alcohol) on your face. The shaving cream or gel produces lather, which helps protect the skin as the razor cuts the hair.
  • Go with the grain of your hair, not against it. For most guys, whiskers on the face grow down. So shaving downward on the face removes most of the hair. Shaving against the grain (or upward) can cause rashes or red bumps.

    careful

  • Don’t rush. It’s very important to shave slowly and gently. Let the razor blade do the work.
    Don’t push down too hard with the razor. If you do, you’re likely to cut your face. It’s better to go over a part of the skin twice — lightly — than to press down hard. Ouch!
    Use soft, short strokes on your jaw and chin. Again, don’t apply too much pressure.
    Ask your mom or dad to get you an antiseptic styptic pencil. To use: dip the white pencil in water and then apply it to any nicks or cuts to stop bleeding immediately.
  • Change razors or blades frequently. A dull blade can irritate your skin and cause rashes. You are also more likely to cut your face with a dull blade.
    little shaver 2
  • After shaving, wash your face with soap and water. Then follow up your shave with a face lotion or moisturizing aftershave product. This will help prevent your skin from drying out. If you’re heading outside, be sure to apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 (higher if you have fair skin).
  • Despite what you might have heard, shaving daily does not make the hair grow back thicker. But if you have ultrasensitive skin, you might be prone to folliculitis, a bacterial infection, or irritation from the shaving process. These can lead to scarring, so use caution.

  • Unless you have very thick facial hair, you don’t have to shave every day when you first start shaving. Try to shave the darker hairs that are starting to come in, and wait for the full-face shave. There will be plenty of time for daily shaving when you’re an older teen or young adult.
  • As you get older, your hair will start to come in much faster, requiring you to shave frequently. Guys who get thick stubble, producing a “shadow” of newer hair growth, often prefer shaving more than once a day.
  • Remember, everyone is different. Genetics play a big role in how much hair you have. You may know some guys who barely have any facial hair. Maybe they have what’s called “peach fuzz,” or light, fine hair all over their face. Likewise, there are many teens who can grow a full beard early in their high school years.

If you do have excess body hair on your back or other areas that you want to get rid of, talk to your doctor. There are processes such as waxing that can remove unwanted hair.

Source: Web MD

Five (5) Unconventional Signs of Breast Cancer

Published March 13, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

signs

Breast cancer is one of the most common form of the disease in the world that affects both men and women. The chances of getting the disease increase as you age, but detecting it at an early age could be life saving.

There are several signs that the American Cancer Society claim should be analyzed closely by a specialist. It is important to remember that these signs aren’t definitive proof of existing breast cancer. They can sometimes indicate smaller hormonal or health factors, so visiting an expert can clear any ambiguity.

Some of the more obvious signs are:

  • Change in breast structure
  • Appearance of lumps
  • Changes in the skin or nipple

    Here are a few of the sneakier breast cancer indicators that many people overlook:

1. Itching, redness and pain

It’s common for breasts to be sore and sensitive during menstruation, but this symptom could mean something more serious if the sensitivity persists after the period. There may also be swelling involved with skin that is warm to the touch, indicating the less common (about 3% of cases) forms of inflammatory breast cancer.

Inflammatory cancer may also cause swelling, itching and pain in the chest. The skin may look scaly or have small blue marks similar to hemorrhages, somewhat like cellulite holes on the breast. Some women misunderstand the symptom for an allergic reaction on their breasts that refused to leave after several days. It’s important to know that this form of cancer is characterized by a rapid development, which blocks the blood vessels feeding the skin to cause redness, warmth and sensitivity.

2. Back pain

Patients typically feel back pain in the upper back between the shoulder blades before any other sign of breast cancer reveals itself. The discomfort is usually attributed with muscle pain, inflammation of the spine or stretching the tendon and ligaments in the back. It’s important to know that tumors will sometimes develop deep within the breast tissue of the chest and felt in the spine or ribcage. There is also the possibility of metasis, a malignant spreading of the disease to the ribs or spine.

3. Pain and tenderness in the armpit

According to studies, the first place breast cancer spreads to is the axillary lymph nodes. The axillary lymph nodes indicate breast cancer in the same way the lymph nodes in the neck and throat indicate a flu, making the axillaries an essential place for onset discovery. Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit or pain and tenderness could indicate the presence of a tumor before it becomes noticeable in the breast. Any pain or discomfort in the armpit is something that should definitely be tested.
First the person testing should compare it to their other armpit. If the difference is persistently evident, it’s worth consulting an expert. There is sometimes a hard lump that appears in the armpit and tissue surrounding it that won’t move when touched. There may also be tissue that is thicker and dense when compared with the other armpit. A sore spot could indicate many things that aren’t a tumor. It never hurts to be safe and get a medical evaluation, however, as the underarm tissue does have a close connection to breast tissue.

4. Nipple discharge or changes

One of the most common locations of breast cancer is beneath the nipple. The presence of a cancerous lesion may cause changes in appearance and sensitivity. Different texture, color and shape might occur. The nipple may also feel much more tender and have an unusual texture. Some women describe a lack of sensitivity within the nipple, especially during intimate relations.

A discharge of clear liquid, blood, or milk that doesn’t happen during breast feeding might also be a sign of breast cancer. This happens when a tumor forms in the milk duct on the nipple or behind it. When this happens the skin jostles to one side, allowing the tumor to cause irritation and inflammation that results in an unusual discharge from the nipple. Medical evaluation and followups are needed for early detection, but it is important to remember that many tumors are harmless.

5. Changing shape from a circle to oval

Many women around the world believe that an easily visible and touchable lump close to the surface of the skin is a sign of a breast tumor. Far less women, however, report the fact that one breast has taken on an elliptical shape while the other remains normal. Other women have reported the progression of breast tissue on one side of the breast, looking uneven. Some women notice a change in appearance and feel when they put a bra on. Many times it’s the spouse that notices these physical indicators instead of the patient.

The best way to detect the changes that aren’t associated with pain or strange sensations is by learning about the appearance and size of your breasts. Breast cancer organizations recommend that you sit in front of a mirror and examine the structure of the breast. Use your hands to lift the breast and check the variability of skin stretching on both sides.

Don’t forget to do this often to make sure you don’t miss any sudden changes in appearance. Any of these symptoms should be analyzed by a medical professional for a conclusive verdict. If not professionally examined you’ll be left in a worrying state of uncertainty. Hopefully everything is fine, but even if it isn’t, detecting breast cancer in the earlier stages could very well make your chances for survival exponentially better.

Source: healthyandnaturalworld.com

Study ties prostate cancer to breast cancer in families

Published March 11, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

check up

Women whose father, brothers or sons are diagnosed with prostate cancer face higher odds of developing breast cancer, according to a new study.

The work by Jennifer Beebe-Dimmer, a researcher at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute , adds to a growing body of research into genetics or other links among cancers that at one time would have seemed unrelated.

“The more we look at cancer and the more we understand about cancer – beyond the cellular level and on a molecular and genetic level — the more we’re finding commonalities” in tumors, said Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society .

The research was published online Monday in the journal Cancer , a publication of the American Cancer Society.

If the woman has a history of both prostate and breast cancer, her odds of developing breast cancer shoot up by 78%, according to Beebe-Dimmer, who also is an associate professor at Wayne State University School of Medicine .

Brawley said the study underscores once again that the key to treating cancer is understanding what fuels it. That means treatments developed for cancer in one part of the body may be effective in tumors detected first elsewhere — a lung cancer drug, for example, that was developed for the treatment in leukemia, he said.

Researchers for years have been looking at the links between prostate and breast cancer. Both are driven by hormones – breast cancer is fueled by estrogen; prostate cancer by androgen, Beebe-Dimmer noted.

For the study, Beebe-Dimmer and co-authors examined data for 78,171 women enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998.

All were free of breast cancer when they began the study. By 2009, 3,506 breast cancer cases were diagnosed in those women. Researchers homed in on those cases and the family histories associated with them.

The link between prostate cancer only and the woman’s risk of developing breast cancer is modest — a 14% boost in the overall population, according to the study.

But the presence of more than one cancer type among first-degree relatives — parents, siblings and children — significantly increases the risk. So does race.

African-American women with a family history of breast and prostate cancer in their immediate family were nearly 2 1/2 times more likely to develop breast cancer compared to African-American women without a family history of either cancer, according to researchers.

Certainly, genetic links are a possibility.

Researchers already know that mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes increase risks both in breast and ovarian cancer in women and in prostate cancer in men, although it is linked to only “a small proportion of familial clustering of these two cancers,” Beebe-Dimmer noted.

But the cause could be something else, too — that a woman and her father, brother or son share their environment and may be exposed to cancer-causing toxins, for example.

Dr. Brawley suggests several factors might be at play.

Excessive weight has been linked in studies to breast and prostate cancer. Could it be a genetic predisposition to these cancers in a family — added to a lack of exercise and poor diet — trigger cancer development? he said.

Beebe-Dimmer also notes that the clusters of cases within families might be random because both cancers “are relatively common cancers.”

The “take-home message” is this, she said: It’s important to tell your doctor about your full family history, and that includes cancers in relatives of both genders. That information could help guide decisions on when, for example, to start mammograms and other screening, she said.

What Your Clothing Color Choice Says About You

Published March 9, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

Check out the list below to see how you can tweak your wardrobe to positively affect you throughout the day!

  • Grey: Causes indifference, non-expressiveness. Some associated terms are fixed, depressed, lifeless apathetic.
  • Black: Symbolizes extremes, all or nothing.
  • Gold: Symbolizes authority, self-confidence, creativity, perfection.
  • Silver: Inspires emotional stability, removes or neutralizes negativity.
  • Copper/Bronze: Symbolizes love and passion in personal and professional relationships and endeavors.
  • Red: Stimulates energy, warmth and healing. Some associated terms are courage, will-power, speed and assertiveness.
  • Orange: Stimulates new possibilities, creativity and enthusiasm.
  • Yellow: Awakens mental inspiration and energizes your muscles. (Remember, your heart is a muscle!)
  • Green: Inspires balance and harmony, soothes both the mind and body.
  • Blue: Soothes and cools.
  • Indigo: As a mix of blue and red, indigo combines the devotion of blue and stabilization of red. Indigo inspires coolness and electricity.
  • Violet/Purple: Colors of transformation, soothing mental and emotional stress. For those of you who meditate, it is believed that violet strengthens one’s spiritual power.
  • White: White is the combination of all colors. It signifies perfection, balance and harmony.
  • Magenta: Inspires magnetism and extra focus to achieve power.
  • Pink: Restores youthfulness, inspires genuine contact to your true feelings.
  • Turquoise: Increases intuition and sensitivity. Relaxes sensations of stress.
  • Brown: Represents solidity and grounding, natural and simple.

So, now what? Should you go out and buy a new wardrobe? Not necessarily. If you’ve got the cash, shop ’till you drop. If you’re like most of us, just make due with with you already own. In attempts to spice up my winter clothes I have added bright jewelry (that I already owned but only rocked in the summertime), colorful scarves and even bright socks.

Take note of how certain colors affect you and keep it in mind when dressing each day. Who knows, maybe your next big idea is just a gold broach away.

Source: mind.body.green.com

20 Amazing Things About Having An Older Brother

Published February 25, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

Carter and Hayden

Older Brothers are like sweet but sour candy that you can’t get enough of. Even though they sometimes make your eyes twitch and your lips pucker, you can’t seem to resist them.

They tease you and may drive your crazy, but they will also protect you and love you. So we’ve come up with the 20 things to remind girls about the amazing benefits of having an older brother.

1. He taught you how to understand boys and men alike.
Men or boys can be hard to deal with and for a girl, having an elder brother can provide great insight to understanding them. From the time a young lady starts dating, an elder brother can help her navigate through and past a lot of the early misunderstandings she may experience at the start of the relationships.

Having an elder brother and his advice at hand can help you avoid a lot of relationship heartaches. Or, at least, get through them.

2. He taught you how to be patient.
As a sister, you are probably all too familiar with the pranks and goofy games boys play. On a positive note, this taught you how to be patient. Whether its motherhood and parenting or dealing with others, having an elder brother has taught you to not get angry or be frustrated too easily.

3. He showed you how to be tough.
Girls who have older brothers tend to make good fighters, literally and figuratively. You learn to stand up for yourself and make your voice heard. You learn to not get pushed around by anyone.

The wrestling matches you get into with your brother teach you to stay strong and never give up. He might be stronger than you, but you learn to become cunning.

4. He introduced you to sports.
For most young girls, an older brother begins your lifelong obsession with sports or your favorite sports teams. If you are an avid sports enthusiast, chances are, you have a lot of fond memories enjoying watching ball games with your older brother.

5. He taught you how to compete.
Having an older brother is great because he teaches you how to tap into your competitive side. As you try to succeed in any career path, this skill will become an asset.

An older brother gives you great insight into the male dominant world of competition. He will also help develop your self-esteem and leadership skills.

6. He taught you to keep your emotions in check.
It is no secret that girls are typically more emotional than boys. However, girls who grow up with brothers learn to keep their emotions in check.

They learn to “suck it up” and move on. Growing up among boys means you will most likely learn to play the role of comforter in tricky or tragic situations.

7. He taught you chivalry.
Older brothers teach their little sisters exactly how they should be treated by a man. As a little sister, you notice the way he treats your mom or his girlfriend and that in turn creates the standard that you will hold all men who try to date you to.

The way you let men treat you today is probably what you learned from your older brother.

8. He will always protect you.
Sometimes a girl just needs to be protected by her older brother. Like a lion to its cubs, men take on a very protective nature or role when it comes to the well-being of their little sisters.

You don’t have to worry about any creepy men coming around with your older brother in the picture.

9. He looks to you to keep him accountable.
As a little sister, one thing you may not realize is that you help keep your older brother in check and accountable for his actions. Because he knows you are looking up to him, he will probably not do all the dumb things boys are typically knows to do. Just some.

10. You get to be his personal stylist.
You are probably responsible for any kind of style and class your older brother may have. It is no secret that most men don’t know how to dress themselves, so little sisters often take on the role of personal stylist to their older brothers.

11. You teach him compassion.
It is impossible for an older brother to stay mad and upset at his little sister for too long. In this sense, you teach him early on compassion and how to forgive.

No matter what you do, your older brother will always have room in his heart for you.

12. You will never need to hire a mover.
You know all too well that life can get very busy. You move to college, move into a new apartment or need help hauling heavy equipment. No matter what it is, having an older brother means you will never need to hire someone to help you move your stuff.

He is always going to be there to literally help you move the heavy stuff in your life.

13. You will always have a steady stream of good men to date.
Eventually most girls would love to get married. However it can be difficult sometimes to find good men to date. Having an older brother means you will have a steady stream of suitors.

Some may be his friends and others may be guys who try to get to know him as a way to get to know you. Whatever the case, when it comes to dating, having an older brother can be a very productive resource.

14. You got to teach him about girls.
Men typically don’t know much about girls. However your brother has the upper hand to learning just how to treat or talk to a woman.

Whenever he is having girl problems, you know he will always reach out to you for advice. Like he has been there for you to learn about the opposite sex, you have been his source of learning too. And an older brother learns to confide in his little sister.

15. He teaches you self-defense.
In this day and age, it has become increasingly important for girls to know how to use a weapon to protect themselves. More than likely, if you know how to operate a weapon like a gun or a knife, you learned it from your older brother.

16. He takes the brunt of parenting.
Having an older sibling mean someone already absorbed the bad parenting skills of mom and dad. By the time you come around, their skills are more refined and relaxed.

For younger sisters, having an older brother may mean that your parents won’t be so hard on you.

17. He teaches you what’s cool.
From a young age, a girl might turn to her older brother who seems to have more knowledge and expertise about the world. They often, for example, teach you about pop culture and world events.

Having an older brother can be a gateway to learning so much about the world.

18. He’s there to help you financially.
Older brothers love to take on a father figure type role when it comes to their younger sisters. This often means helping them out financially.

For example, since he is older and probably already working, chances are you can ask him for money whenever mom or dad says no.

19. He teaches you to laugh at yourself and be silly.
Life is serious enough, but having an older brother can teach you to enjoy the humor of practical jokes. A lot of times, boys will play pranks.And sometimes you get to be included on those with your brother.
Learning to roll with the punches will teach you to not take life so seriously and be able to laugh at yourself.

20. He is a shoulder to cry on.
Part of the protective nature of an older brother is being a good listener or a comfortable shoulder to cry on. Knowing that you can always count on him to listen without criticism or judgement is the glue that binds little sisters to their older brothers.

Much like the love of a father, an older brother tends to love his little sister unconditionally.
Source: http://www.lifehack.org/articles/communication/20-amazing-things-about-having-older-brother.html

Mumps Cases and Outbreaks

Published February 24, 2015 by by : teacherdahl

mumps

Mumps Outbreaks
In some years, there are more cases of mumps than usual because of outbreaks. Mumps outbreaks can occur any time of year but often occur in winter and spring. A major factor contributing to outbreaks is being in a crowded environment, such as attending the same class, playing on the same sports team, or living in a dormitory with a person who has mumps.

Although the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine is very effective, protection against mumps is not complete. Two doses of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine are 88% effective at protecting against mumps; one dose is 78% effective. Outbreaks can still occur in highly vaccinated U.S. communities, particularly in close-contact settings. In recent years, outbreaks have occurred in schools, colleges, and camps. However, high vaccination coverage helps limit the size, duration, and spread of mumps outbreaks.

mumps text

Mumps – Vaccine Q&A
For Parents

  • Is there a vaccine to prevent mumps?
    Yes. Two doses of mumps-containing vaccine, given as combination measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine, separated by at least 28 days, are routinely recommended for all children. The first dose is given on or after the first birthday; the second is given at 4 – 6 years of age. MMR is a live, weakened (attenuated) vaccine. Most adults who have not been vaccinated should also receive 1 dose of MMR vaccine, but adults who work in healthcare, a school/university setting, and persons at high risk of exposure to mumps should get 2 doses. Pregnant women and persons with an impaired immune system should not receive live attenuated vaccines (MMR vaccine).
  • Is the vaccine effective/does it work?
    One dose of mumps vaccine will ‘take’ (be effective) in approximately 80% of people vaccinated, but two doses of mumps vaccine will ‘take’ in approximately 90% of people. Therefore, two doses are better at preventing mumps than one dose.
  • Where can I get the vaccine?
    Most family and pediatric doctors keep vaccine in their clinics; and local health departments usually have vaccine.

Mumps kid

Up to half of people who get mumps have very mild or no symptoms, and therefore do not know they were infected with mumps.

The most common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swollen and tender salivary glands under the ears on one or both sides (parotitis)

Symptoms typically appear 16-18 days after infection, but this period can range from 12-25 days after infection.

What should I do if I don’t know if I’ve been vaccinated?

Get vaccinated. The MMR vaccine is safe and there is no increased risk of side effects if a person gets another vaccination.
If I had mumps as a child, can I get it again/should I get vaccinated?
Most people who have mumps will be protected (immune) from getting mumps again. There is a small percent of people though, who could get reinfected with mumps and have a milder illness. If mumps was not diagnosed by a physician, then that person is not considered immune and vaccination is recommended.

If I was exposed to someone with mumps, what should I do?
Not everyone who is exposed to someone with mumps will get sick. If a person has been vaccinated with two doses of mumps vaccine, it is very unlikely they will get mumps. However, if a person hasn’t been vaccinated, it is possible they could get sick and they should watch for symptoms of mumps. Additionally, if a person hasn’t been vaccinated, this is a good time to get another dose of mumps vaccine, and to make sure that everyone else in the house where they live is also vaccinated.

Mumps vaccine has not been shown to be effective in preventing disease after exposure, but vaccination of exposed susceptible persons will reduce the risk of disease from possible future exposures. If symptoms develop (generally 16-18 days after exposure), the person should not go to school or work for at least 5 days and should contact their medical provider.

Source: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mumps.html

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