Eight (8) Things You Can Start Doing Now to Look Younger

Published November 23, 2014 by by : teacherdahl

Who Says You Have to Look Your Age?

When it comes to how old you are, age really is just a number. Researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis recently published a study stating that there are a lot more factors that should go into determining age than how long you’ve been alive.

skin care products

1. Use the Right Skin Care Products
When shopping for skin care products, there are three powerful ingredients you should look for to maintain youthful-looking skin, says Robinson.

  • One, check the label for a serum containing antioxidants like vitamin C, which will help brighten your skin;
  • two, add retinoids, which increase cell turnover and stimulate collagen renewal, to your routine; and
  • three, start using an alpha hydroxy acid exfoliator to remove the top layer of dead skin cells.

2. Wear SPF Every Day
Whether it’s humid and 90 degrees outside or chilly and rainy, sunscreen is a must no matter what. So add it to your daily routine if you haven’t already, since sun damage not only causes wrinkles, but can leave you vulnerable to skin cancer. “

  • Use at least an SPF 30, but don’t waste your money on anything higher than SPF 50 since there is little evidence that higher SPFs provide more protective benefits.


3. Take It Easy on the Foundation
“Heavy foundation tends to settle on the rough patches or into the lines of the face. What is needed as we age is a good transparent moisturizing foundation or tinted moisturizer.

Avoid anything with a powder base.”Use  a primer before applying foundation. A primer makes your foundation roll on more smoothly, filling in lines and pores; minimizes dark circles; and makes all makeup last.

healthy glow
4. Fake a Healthy Glow
There is one easy way to get some color safely: a gradual self-tanner. “Nothing beats a little healthy glow on the body and face at this stage in life,”

With a gradual build, you’ll see minimal streaking, blotchiness, and buildups on ankles, the soles of the feet, and knuckles.” On your face, use a cream blush to perk up your complexion. “It blends more easily over rough patches or lines.,


5. Step Away From the Glitter
Bright, bold eye shadow and products with shimmer and glitter will make wrinkles more noticeable. “These products do not flatter or look attractive on skin or lids that are beginning to show tiny lines or have rough patches.”

 “Dark shades combined with lighter neutrals are the most forgiving and youthful choices for the lids.” And skip liquid liner, which emphasizes the delicate and fine skin surrounding your eyes and opt for a soft pencil line.
eyebrow6. Pick the Right Eyebrow shape
Put down the tweezers and visit a professional to shape your brows. Droopy eyes can be changed by slightly arching the brows and extending them outward the temples (rather than having the tail curve down around the eye). . “The arch is an important part of the brow, and should be a gradual and very gentle lift.”


7. Don’t Forget Your Neck

As you age, the neck loses elasticity faster than anywhere else on your body, taking on the dreaded crepe-y look. You should be every bit as diligent and careful about taking care of your neck and décolletage as you are about your face.

To keep this part of your body looking just as young as your face, follow this three-step routine:

  • Moisturize every morning and night,
  • exfoliate once or twice a week with a gentle scrub, and
  • apply sunscreen daily.


8. Pay Attention to Your Hands, Too
Remember to always wear gloves while washing dishes and to moisturize frequently.Chemicals and hot water can strip away the protective lipid barrier on your skin, making it susceptible to irritation and dryness.

Apply a layer of lotion to your hands each time you put on rubber gloves — not only will it protect them, it’ll give you an extra dose of moisture.

Source: healthdigest.com

Seven (7) Reasons You Should Start Eating Eggs

Published November 19, 2014 by by : teacherdahl

eggs pix

Eating more eggs is a great way to give you a healthy boost. If you are not keen on eating eggs regularly, here are reasons why you should.
Pity the poor egg
There is a misguided belief that the cholesterol found in the yolk raises the cholesterol levels in your body and puts your health at risk. But good news for egg lovers: Research supporting the health a benefit of eggs is piling up and several studies including a recent one found no link in healthy people between eggs and either stroke or heart attack. It has debunked the myth of unhealthy eggs.
Supplies you with vitamins
One average- sized egg is packed with several vitamins essential to your health:
• Vitamin B2 or riboflavin- which helps your body to break down food into energy.
• Vitamin B12 or cobalamin is vital for producing red blood cells.
• Vitamin A or retinol- which is great for your eyesight.
• Vitamin E or tocopherol helps fight off the free radicals that can cause cellular and tissue damage, which might lead to cancer. Vitamins A and B2 are also important for cell growth. So make sure your kids are eating eggs regularly.

Supplies you with essential minerals
Eggs are packed with phosphorus, iron and zinc. These minerals are vital for your body. You need plenty of iron and not getting enough can leave you grumpy, feeling tired and run down. Zinc keeps your immune system in top form and helps your body convert food into energy. Phosphorus is important for healthy teeth and bones. There are some trace elements you need in small amounts in eggs such as iodine, useful for making thyroid hormones and selenium- an antioxidant that can help cut your risk of cancer.

Eggs Eggs may reduce your risk of cancer

Whole eggs are one of the best sources of the nutrient choline. One large egg has about 33 percent of your RDA. One study published this year found that women with a high intake of choline are 25 percent less likely to get breast cancer. Note that choline is found mostly in the yolk, so feel free to ditch the white omelets.

Eggs keep a good eyesight

Egg yolks are also high in zeaxanthin and lutein, both antioxidants that have been shown to ward off macular degeneration. So you will still be able to eyeball in your 80s.
An omelet a day can shrink your waist.
Researchers found that eating eggs for breakfast helps you limit calorie intake all day, by more than 401 calories. That means you can lose 3 pounds or more each month. This is probably because eggs keep you full for a long time and meaning you are less likely to succumb to a noon snack or stuff yourself at lunchtime.

Although eggs contain cholesterol, this is different from the cholesterol in your body. It is simply dietary cholesterol. Despite the past health recommendations, there is no evidence that eating eggs will increase levels of your blood cholesterol.

Your abs eat eggs up
These little orbs contain a certain sequence of amino acids which makes egg protein easy for your body to absorb. It means a hard boiled grade is an ideal food for muscle repairing after a butt busting exercises.

source: fitnea.com

Feature request: Warning Signs of Type 2 Diabetes

Published November 16, 2014 by by : teacherdahl

main frame

What are the different types of diabetes?
There are two major types of diabetes, called type 1 and type 2.

  • Type 1 diabetes was also formerly called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), or juvenile onset diabetes mellitus. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas undergoes an autoimmune attack by the body itself, and is rendered incapable of making insulin. Abnormal antibodies have been found in the majority of patients with type 1 diabetes. Antibodies are proteins in the blood that are part of the body’s immune system. The patient with type 1 diabetes must rely on insulin medication for survival.This article deals with Type 2 Diabetes
  • What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
    Type 2 diabetes can affect all people, regardless of age. Early symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be missed, so those affected may not even know they have the condition. An estimated one out of every three people with type 2 diabetes are not aware they have it. Diabetes interferes with the body’s ability to metabolize carbohydrates for energy, leading to high levels of blood sugar. These chronically high blood sugar levels increase a person’s risk of developing nerve problems, vision loss, cardiovascular disease, and other conditions.

chart between type 1 and 2 diabetes

Warning Sign of Diabetes: Thirst

thirstAlthough people with type 2 diabetes may not have specific symptoms, an increase in thirst is one symptom that is characteristic of the condition. The increased thirst can accompany other symptoms like frequent urination, feelings of unusual hunger, dry mouth, and weight gain or loss.

Warning Sign of Diabetes: Headaches
Other symptoms that can occur if high blood sugar levels persist are fatigue, blurred vision, and headaches.


Warning Sign of Diabetes: Infections
Often, type 2 diabetes is only identified after its negative health consequences are apparent. Certain infections and sores that take a long time to heal are a warning sign. Other possible signs include frequent yeast infections or urinary tract infections and itchy skin.

sexual dysfunction

Warning Sign of Diabetes: Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual problems can occur as a result of type 2 diabetes. Since diabetes can damage the blood vessels and nerves in the sex organs, decreased sensation can develop, potentially leading to difficulties with orgasm. Vaginal dryness in women and impotence in men are other complications of diabetes. Estimates suggest that between 35% and 70% of men with diabetes will eventually suffer from impotence. Statistics for women show that about one-third of women with diabetes will have some kind of sexual dysfunction.
Risks You Can Prevent
Certain risk factors related to both lifestyle choices and medical conditions can increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. These include:
• Cigarette smoking
• Being overweight or obese, especially around the waist
• Lack of exercise
• Consuming a diet that is high in processed meat, fat, sweets, and red meats
• Triglyceride levels over 250 mg/dL
• Low levels of “good” HDL cholesterol (below 35 mg/dL)
Risks You Can’t Prevent
Some risk factors for diabetes can’t be controlled. Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians, and African Americans have a higher than average risk for getting diabetes. Having a family history (parent or sibling) with diabetes increases your risk. Those over 45 have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes than younger people.

gestational diabetes

Women’s Risk Factors
Women who developed gestational diabetes in pregnancy have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life. The same goes for women who have babies larger than 9 pounds. The insulin resistance associated with polycystic ovary syndrome also places women with this condition at a higher risk for diabetes.


How Does Insulin Work?
Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to efficiently use glucose as fuel. After carbohydrates are broken down into sugars in the stomach, glucose enters the circulation and stimulates the pancreas to release insulin in the proper amount. Insulin allows the uptake of glucose by body cells for use as energy.

insulin resistanceType 2 Diabetes: Insulin Resistance
In type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells cannot take up glucose properly, leading to high levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin resistance means that although the body can produce insulin, the body’s cells do not respond properly to the insulin that is made. Over time, the pancreas reduces the amount of insulin that it produces.

HB testHow Type 2 Diabetes is Diagnosed
The hemoglobin A1c test measures the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin bound to glucose) in your blood and provides information about your average blood glucose levels over the previous 2 to 3 months. Hemoglobin A1c levels over 6.5% are suggestive of diabetes. Another diagnostic test is the fasting blood glucose test. If your fasting blood glucose level is over 126, this establishes that diabetes is present. Random blood glucose levels over 200 are also consistent with diabetes.
Diabetes Management:
Keeping good control over blood sugar levels can help reduce the risk of getting complications from diabetes. Your doctor can refer you to a registered dietician or diabetes counselor to help you formulate a healthy eating plan. Many people with type 2 diabetes will need to monitor intake of carbohydrates and reduce calories. Watching total fat and protein consumption is also recommended.
Regular exercise, including walking, can help people with type 2 diabetes lower their blood glucose levels. Physical activity also reduces body fat, lowers blood pressure, and helps prevent cardiovascular disease. It’s recommended that people with type 2 diabetes get 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days.
Reduce Stress
Stress is particularly worrisome for people with diabetes. Stress not only increases blood pressure, but it can also increase blood glucose levels. Many people with diabetes find that relaxation techniques can help manage their condition. Examples are visualization, meditation, or breathing exercises. Taking advantage of social support networks is also helpful, like talking with a relative or friend, member of the clergy, or counselor.

oral medsOral Medications
Oral medication is recommended for people with type 2 diabetes who cannot adequately control their blood sugar with diet and exercise. Many types of oral diabetes medications are available, and these may be used in combination for the best results. Some increase insulin production, others improve the body’s use of insulin, while still others partially block the digestion of starches.

how insulin worksInsulin
Some people with type 2 diabetes also take insulin, sometimes in combination with oral medications. Insulin is also used in “beta-cell failure,” a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces insulin in response to elevated blood glucose. This can occur in people with type 2 diabetes. If insulin is not produced, insulin treatment is necessary.

non insulinNon-Insulin Injections
There are other non-insulin drugs given in injection form that are used to treat type 2 diabetes. Examples are pramlintide (Symlin), exenatide (Byetta), and liraglutide (Victoza). These drugs stimulate the release of insulin.

blood glucoseTesting Blood Glucose
Your doctor can suggest how often you should test your blood glucose. Testing can give a good idea of the extent to which your diabetes is under control and can tell you if your management plan needs to be altered. Some common times to test blood sugars are upon awakening, before and after meals, before and after exercise or physical activity, and at night.

artery effect

Long-Term Damage to Arteries
Around two out of every three people with diabetes die of heart disease. Over time, elevated blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels, leading to an increased risk of clots. This increases the risk of heart attack. People with diabetes are also at an increased risk for stroke because of the damage to blood vessels.

damage to kidneysLong-Term Damage to Kidneys
The risk for developing chronic kidney disease increases with time in people with diabetes. Diabetes is the most common cause of renal failure, making up about 44% of cases. Keeping your diabetes under control can reduce the risk of kidney failure. Medications are also used to reduce the risk of kidney disease in people with diabetes.

eye damageLong-Term Damage to Eyes
Diabetic retinopathy is damage to the tiny blood vessels within the retina of the eye due to high blood sugar levels over time. This can cause progressive and permanent vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of new blindness in people between 20 and 74. This image shows pools of blood, or hemorrhages, in the retina.

nerve painLong-Term Damage Causing Nerve Pain
Tingling, numbness, and a sensation of “pins and needles” are all symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage related to diabetes. This is most common in the hands, feet, fingers, or toes. Controlling diabetes can help prevent this complication.

feet damageLong-Term Damage to Feet
Damage to nerves caused by diabetes can make it hard to feel injuries to the feet. At the same time, damage to the blood vessels can reduce circulation in the feet of people with diabetes. Sores that heal poorly and even gangrene are complications of diabetes that can occur in the feet. Amputation may be the result in severe cases

last frameType 2 Diabetes Prevention
Type 2 diabetes is preventable in many cases. At the least, it is possible to reduce the incidence of complications of diabetes by eating a healthy diet, getting moderate exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight. It’s also helpful for people at risk to be screened for diabetes and prediabetes, so that management can begin early in the course of the disease. This reduces the risk of long-term problems.

Source: medicinenet.com

When Parents Play Favorites

Published November 15, 2014 by by : teacherdahl

favorites 2

“Yes I do have a favorite,” admits Tricia*, mom of three. “It’s because I feel that he needs me more than his more independent siblings do. He reminds me so much of myself that I feel so connected to him.”

Janet*, mom of four, also admits to being more protective of one particular child. “She never assumes, never expects, hardly makes demands. I’m not saying she’s the nicest, kindest, because she’s not. But she’s just the one as a parent, you’re more protective of.”

Preferential treatment?
You’d assume that the favorite child gets the most attention, the most love, the most gifts. But is this really the case?

“I can’t say I treat her differently,” says Janet. “I do however, defend her more than the others when they argue amongst each other. Not because I don’t think she can defend herself, but because she allows people to get away with things more often than she should.”

Tricia, on the other hand, feels she gives her favorite even less attention: “I am gentler with him and more forgiving of his faults. But recently, because my eldest is beginning to notice the gentleness, I make a conscious effort to give equal punishment to my son. Ironically, I spend less time with him. Perhaps to mask what I truly feel inside?”

favorites pixThe reason for favorites
Family and child psychotherapist Bec Yao, Ph.D. says parents don’t usually embark on parenthood by picking a favorite. It’s something that happens over the course of time.

“Parents start out equally loving all their children. But some factors manifest, and to the eyes of people around, one child is favored over another,” she says. “Some of these factors are: health of the child upon birth, birth order, physical features, or when a child is more talented than another and would be asked by parents to perform in front of relatives and friends. Some children can also be more outgoing than others and this behavior gives pride to parents when friends and relatives say their child is so sociable, talented, and so on.”

Janet agrees. “Personality makes all the difference. Children are people that will eventually grow up, and they are people you did not choose. Although you raise them all the same, their personalities vary uniquely from each other. Some are more compatible to yours, some just aren’t.”

favorites 3

How non-favorites remain non-favorites
If a child feels that he is not favored by his parents, he will most likely resent them and the favored sibling. This can cause trouble, further cementing his spot as the least favored child.

“He will seek attention in other ways,” explains Dr. Yao. “If a child perceives that each one is treated equally, he will not resort to means to protect himself. He can always run to Mama or Papa to fix things at home. However, the moment a child perceives that parents are unable to fix things, he will take matters in his own hands, literally, and fights will ensue. This becomes a vicious cycle of the parents disciplining the aggressor and the cycle of favor continues.”

Trust issues
It’s okay if you can’t help having a favorite as long as you build a strong foundation of trust. This, according to Dr. Yao, begins at birth: “Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory says trust should be built in the child as early as infancy. During the first few months of life, a baby needs to know that this is a trusting world because his needs are met. With this foundation, parents can have the luxury of favorites because the other children will have had enough deposits in their emotional bank accounts by their parents.”

favorites 4

Balancing act
To keep comparisons at bay, Tricia has a strategy: “One-on-one dates are really key. My kids need to know and feel that they are regarded as individuals. They feel special also when they do not need to fight for the attention of their parents.”

Janet also goes on dates with her kids. “We have date days and we make sure that we converse with each child,” she says. But because she can’t really keep track of everything, she encourages her children to speak up if they feel something is amiss.

She also adds that the solution to favoritism is acceptance: “Whether you and your kids are compatible or not, you embrace their personalities and you see beyond that, and accept the people they become based on how you raise them, and you pray that they will be all that you hope for them to be.”

Giving attention to each child and making sure each one is heard will keep them from feeling there is a favorite. In the long run, it isn’t about who the favorite child is, but how everyone gets along and loves one another as a family.

source : Yahoo she

Top 10 Controversial Psychiatric Disorders

Published November 3, 2014 by by : teacherdahl

gender id


The proposed revisions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) have spurred debate over what illnesses to include in the essential psychiatric handbook. Everything from gender identity disorder to childhood mood swings has come under fire, and it’s not the first time. The history of psychiatry is littered with impassioned fights over controversial diagnoses.
1. Gender identity disorder.
Perhaps the most controversial of all current DSM disorders is gender identity disorder. Under the DSM-IV, people who feel that their physical gender does not match their true gender are diagnosed with gender identity disorder (GID). The DSM-5 proposals would revise the criteria for the disorder and change the name to the less-stigmatizing gender incongruence.
But to many, the DSM changes don’t go far enough.
“To have gender incongruence in the DSM-5, as they’ve defined it, still leaves it open to a child being sent to be ‘fixed’ when a child doesn’t have any problems,” said Diane Ehrensaft, a clinical psychologist in Oakland, Calif., who specializes in gender identity issues in children.
In fact, the largest controversy over GID is about an area the DSM doesn’t cover: treatment. Should kids who feel gender mismatched be allowed to define themselves, or should they be encouraged to identify with their physical gender? Those who argue for the latter see their role as helping kids get comfortable in their own skin. Those who argue for letting the child take the lead, like Ehrensaft, say that forcing a kid to live as an unwanted gender causes depression and anxiety.
Therapies like Ehrensaft’s are relatively new, so there are no long-term studies comparing the two approaches. When it comes to examining differences in how the kids turn out, “We don’t know,” said Kenneth Zucker, a University of Toronto psychologist who advocates teaching kids to identify with their physical gender. “We should know in another 10 years.”

sex addiction

2. Sex addiction
According to the Society for the Advancement of Sexual Health, sex addiction is marked by a lack of control over one’s sexual behavior. Sex addicts pursue sex despite negative consequences, can’t set boundaries and obsess over sex even when they don’t want to think about it. Self-described addicts report that they get no pleasure from their sexual behaviors, only shame.

This disorder has yet to darken the pages of the DSM, and it likely won’t be included in the DSM-5, either. Instead, the APA is recommending the addition of a new sexual disorder called hypersexual disorder, which doesn’t describe sex as an addiction, but could fit many people who are in treatment.


3. Homosexuality
In perhaps the most famous psychiatric controversy of all, the APA did away with homosexuality as a mental disorder in 1973 after much protest by gay and lesbian activists. The change wasn’t easy, but the weight of the scientific evidence suggested that same-sex attraction was a normal variant of sexuality among well-adjusted people.

Still, the APA included a diagnosis in the 1980 DSM-III called ego-dystonic homosexuality. This category was a compromise with psychiatrists who insisted that some gays and lesbians came to them looking for treatment. “This revision in the nomenclature provides the possibility of finding a homosexual to be free of psychiatric disorder, and provides a means to diagnose a mental disorder whose central feature is conflict about homosexual behavior,” explained Robert Spitzer, a member of the APA’s task force, in a 1973 position statement.

But ego-dystonic homosexuality was short-lived. The category didn’t make sense to many psychiatrists, who argued that anxiety over sexual orientation could fit into already-existing categories, according to UC Davis psychologist Gregory Herek. In 1986, ego-dystonic homosexuality disappeared from the DSM.


4. Asperger’s disorder
In 1994, Asperger’s disorder, which is marked by normal intelligence and language abilities but poor social skills, made the DSM-IV. When the DSM-5 is published in 2013, the disorder may get the boot.

The reason? Research on Asperger’s and high-functioning autism has failed to find a difference between the two diagnoses. Overlap between the two disorders is rampant (up to 44 percent of kids diagnosed with Asperger’s or “other autism spectrum” labels actually met the criteria for high-functioning autism, according to a 2008 survey). If the proposed changes are adopted, people with Asperger’s will be reclassified as having high-functioning autism.

But some Asperger’s advocates disapprove. The high-functioning autism label doesn’t always fit people with Asperger’s, said Dania Jekel, the executive director of the Asperger’s Association of New England, which opposes the change.

“People with Asperger’s are going to be missed,” Jekel said.

Bipolar disorder
5.. Childhood bipolar disorder
If diagnosing adults with a childhood disorder is controversial, so is diagnosing children with a disorder once thought to occur mainly in adults. Bipolar disorder, which is characterized by mood swings between depression and excitability, recently skyrocketed as a childhood disorder. Between 1994 and 2003, the number of doctor visits associated with childhood bipolar disorders went up 40-fold, according to a 2007 study in the journal Archives of General Psychiatry.

The problem, according to the APA, is that at least some of that increase is due to changes in the way psychiatrists diagnose bipolar in kids, not an actual increase in cases. To correct the issue, the APA is considering changes to the current bipolar criteria, as well as the addition of a new disorder, temper dysregulation with dysphoria. That disorder would apply to kids with persistent irritable moods and frequent temper tantrums, but has already drawn skepticism from some who believe it pathologizes normal kid behavior.

ADHD in adults

6. Adult ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a well-known childhood diagnosis. Kids with ADHD have trouble sitting still, paying attention and controlling their impulses. Only recently, however, have psychiatrists begun to diagnose ADHD in adults.But just as ADHD in children was criticized as over-diagnosed, so is adult ADHD. A common accusation is that psychiatrists are conspiring with pharmaceutical companies to sell more ADHD drugs, writes New York University psychiatrist Norman Sussman in a March 2010 editorial in Psychiatry Weekly. However, adult ADHD is here to stay, Sussma writes: “The benefits of pharmacologic and behavioral therapies are well-established.”

diassociative disorder

7. Dissociative identity disorder
Once known as multiple personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder was made famous by the book “Sybil” (Independent Pub Group, 1973), which was made into a movie of the same name in 1976. The film and book told the story of Shirley Mason, pseudonym Sybil, who was diagnosed as having 16 separate personalities as a result of physical and sexual abuse by her mother.
The book and the movie were hits, but the diagnosis soon came under fire. In 1995, psychiatrist Herbert Spiegel, who consulted on Mason’s case, told the “New York Review of Books” that he believed Mason’s “personalities” were created by her therapist, who — perhaps unwittingly — suggested that Mason’s different emotional states were distinct personalities with names. Likewise, critics of the dissociative identity diagnosis argue that the disorder is artificial, perpetuated by well-meaning therapists who convince troubled and suggestible patients that their problems are due to multiple personalities.
Nonetheless, dissociative identity disorder has weathered this criticism and won’t undergo any major changes in the DSM-5.

narcisstic disorder
8. Narcissistic personality disorder
Someone with an inflated ego, need for constant praise and lack of empathy for others might sound like a shoe-in for psychotherapy. But the introduction of narcissistic personality disorder into the DSM in 1980 was not without controversy.

The biggest problem was that no one could agree on who had the disorder. Up to half of people diagnosed with a narcissistic personality also met the criteria for other personality disorders, like histrionic personality disorder or borderline personality disorder, according to a 2001 review in the Journal of Mental Health Counseling. Which diagnosis they got seemed almost arbitrary.

To solve the problem, the American Psychiatric Association has proposed big changes to the personality disorder section of the DSM-5 in 2010. The new edition would move away from specific personality disorders to a system of dysfunctional types and traits. The idea, according to the APA, is to cut out the overlap and create categories that would be useful for patients who have personality problems, not just full-blown disorders.

penis envy

9. Penis envy
Sigmund Freud revolutionized psychiatry in the late 1800s and early 1900s with his theories on the unconscious state, talk therapy and psychosexual development. Nowadays, many of these theories — like his conclusion that young girls’ sexual development is driven by jealousy over lack of a penis and sexual desire for their father — seem outdated.

But not everyone has consigned Freud to the dust heap. Organizations like the American Psychoanalytic Association still practice and promote Freudian-style psychoanalysis, and groups like the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society try to combine cutting-edge neuroscience research with Freud’s century-old theories. How successful they’ll be is unknown: A 2008 study in the Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association found that today’s psychology departments rarely teach psychoanalysis.


10. Hysteria
In the Victorian era, hysteria was a catch-all diagnosis for women in distress. The symptoms were vague (discontentment, weakness, outbursts of emotion, nerves) and the history sexist (Plato blamed the wanderings of an “unfruitful” uterus).

The treatment for hysteria? “Hysterical paroxysm,” also known as orgasm. Physicians would massage their patients’ genitals either manually or with a vibrator, a task they found tedious but surprisingly uncontroversial. More contentious was the practice of putting “hysterical” women on bed rest or demanding that they not work or socialize, a treatment that often worsened anxiety or depression.

According to a 2002 editorial in the journal Spinal Cord, the diagnosis of hysteria gradually petered out throughout the 20th century. By 1980, hysteria disappeared from the DSM in favor of newer diagnoses like conversion and dissociative disorders.

Source : livescience.com

Seven (7) Secrets to Prevent Mental Fatigue

Published October 19, 2014 by by : teacherdahl


If your brain is always working overtime to make it through your never-ending to-do list, it may be time to give it a rest. These 7 tips can help you back off and be even more productive.
Do you ever feel overwhelmed just thinking about all you have to do? Do you find yourself snapping at others who seem to be too laid back? Have you given up too many things that you used to enjoy because you’re too focused on work? You may be a victim of mental fatigue.

Mental fatigue is the result of brain over-activity. It can happen when you expend too much mental effort on a project or task. You may pride yourself on your laser-focusing ability, spending long hours on a task, day in and day out. But every strength, taken to the extreme, becomes a liability. Your overdrive eventually catches up with you, and you deplete your mental gas tank. The result is mental fatigue.

Research shows that mental fatigue results in an inability to concentrate and an increase in simple mistakes. Unchecked, mental fatigue leads to feeling stressed, irritated that you can’t keep up and even depressed. What’s more, being in a state of mental fatigue not only affects your well-being, it also spills over into your interactions with family and others you associate with. It’s draining for them to be around someone who is continuously mentally exhausted.

If you think you may be mentally fatigued, here are seven tips to help you prevent and combat it.

low yield act1. Stop Low-Yield Activities
Be ruthless about how you spend your time. Instead of mindlessly moving from one task to the next, focus on activities that grow your business. Stop burning away hours reading Facebook updates or answering useless emails. Instead, keep those activities for a scheduled, timed break, then move away to something more worthwhile. Don’t meet with acquaintances who want to get together for coffee—these are often people who have time to waste and want to waste it with you.
Use the time you’ve saved to learn new things, and pursue activities that increase your well-being and the quality of your life. Focus on strengthening your bonds with family, friends and associates. Do what fuels your mind and fills your heart. If you rescue wasted time consistently over the course of a year, you’ll be richer for it and will feel more energized.

time box2. Use the Timebox Technique
Timebox is a term that originated in the software development industry. It’s defined as a period of time during which a task must be accomplished. Entrepreneurs like Steve Pavlina use timeboxing as a way to manage work projects. Because timeboxing forces you to limit the time you allot to certain tasks that run the risk of taking far more time than they’re worth, it counteracts any perfectionist approaches to the wrong tasks and ensures that you do the best job you can within a set time frame.


3. Try Focus@Will
Focus@Will is a music service that’s based on the latest research in neuroscience. The selected music helps you focus, reduce distractions and retain information. As the company behind this intersection of art and science explains, most people can only concentrate for about 100 continuous minutes:
“The focus@will system makes it easier for you to get into the concentration flow, and then keeps you there. It works in the background by subtly soothing the part of your brain, the limbic system, that’s always on the lookout for danger, food, sex or shiny things.”
By staying focused, you can get more done in a shorter amount of time, so you can free up more time and reduce your chances of mental fatigue. Entrepreneur Sean Ogle described the program as “magic.” You can try it out for free for 30 days and see what happens.

eyes kindness4. Be Kind to Your Eyes
Staring at a computer for long hours while you work causes eye fatigue, which can tire you out and negatively affect your ability to focus. Fortunately, there are many things you can do to avoid this. For example, every once in a while, look away from your computer screen and focus on distant objects or take a minute to stare out the window. Also, lower the brightness of your monitor—research shows that when you lower the brightness, the reduction in your ability to focus drops by half and you feel less fatigued.
Check out “How to Combat Eye Fatigue Right Now” for other ideas.

ready to go
5. Don Your Sneakers
Research reported in Science Daily reveals that a bout of exercise makes the brain more resistant to fatigue. According to the study, “These findings could lead to the enhancement of athletic performance through reduced mental and physical fatigue.” What works for athletes can also work for you.

nothing for awhile

6. Learn to Do Nothing Once in a While
We’re a nation of doers—continuously on the go, rushing from meeting to meeting, project to project. Even when we’re on vacation, a large number among us spends more time surfing the Internet rather than surfing the waves. John Lennon once said, “Everybody seems to think I’m lazy. I don’t mind, I think they’re crazy. Running everywhere at such a speed, till they find there’s no need.” Planning for a little idleness in your week is a smart move if you’re trying to refresh your spirit—it’s a powerful antidote to mental fatigue.

sleep debt
7. Reduce Your Sleep Debt
Sleep debt is the difference between the amount of sleep you should be getting and the amount you actually get. It’s not uncommon for professionals to miss several hours of sleep for a few days in a row. This is a surefire way to invite mental fatigue.
Research shows, on average, Americans lose one hour of sleep each night—more than two full weeks of slumber every year. This has a negative impact on our health. As the research shows, you can’t train yourself to be a “short sleeper.” What’s more, a study found that the more tired you get, the less tired you feel, which makes you think you’re not shorting yourself. It’s time to earn back your lost sleep: Make it a practice to go to bed when you’re tired and give your body the rest it needs so you can stop mental fatigue in its tracks.
“The energy of the mind is the essence of life,” Aristotle said. Energy is everything. Mental fatigue saps us of our most precious life energy. These seven strategies will help you guard against this.

Source: americanexpress.com

Benefits Of Cycling

Published October 4, 2014 by by : teacherdahl

frame 1Here are some of the benefits that will motivate you to do so.

1. Easiest form of exercise You can cycle almost anywhere, be it the great outdoors or the streets. The best part about cycling is that it has only one prerequisite – you should know how to ride a bicycle. No team members, no skill sets, no gymming. Cycling also doesn’t cost you a fortune. One good cycle and you’re good to go for a couple of years at the very least.frame 2

2. Cardio-vascular fitness Cycling is a great way to give your heart that much needed workout. Steady cycling makes your heart pump faster and at a steady rate. This is very good for strengthening the heart. The lungs also benefit greatly from cycling. It has been known to significantly reduce the risk of coronary diseases, if done regularly.

3. Stamina Cycling a few miles every day on a regular basis is a great way to build stamina. It is easier to build stamina by cycling, as you never know when you may end up cycling more as compared to the last time.

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4. Muscle tone Your leg muscles are going to get a serious work over with regular cycling. It works wonders for your calves, quads, hams, hips and your rear end. It is great for toning and building these muscle sets. The main benefit over other forms of exercise – for these muscle sets – is that cycling has minimum impact on the joints, for those people who may have joint problems.

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5. Reduce weight An excellent way to burn those calories and pull down that flab would be to get on a cycle as soon as possible. It is a great way to get rid of an increased waistline and excessive fat. A person weighing around 75kg can burn more than 600 calories with an hour’s cycling. Cycle uphill and you’ll burn even more.

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6. Eco-friendly If your workplace is close to your house, then it would be best to make a habit of cycling to and fro every day. Not only will this keep you in shape, but you can also do your own bit towards using lesser fuel and keeping the air pollution free

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7. Physical and mental health The physical activity involved helps in keeping your immune system healthy, and also keeps the mind fresh and relaxed. Cycling outdoors is a great way to give the body much needed fresh air, which helps keep stress at bay.

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Do yourselves a favour and get onto a real cycle, the one that moves about when you push the pedal. The stationary cycle found at your gym certainly does you good, but it also robs you of the opportunity to explore new places on your bike and breathe in some fresh air. So get out there in the open and pedal away to good health.

source: yahoo.com



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